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Reconstruction of the old terminal of Kharkiv airport into a VIP terminal.

Functional purpose / Project name Reconstruction of the old terminal of Kharkiv airport into a VIP terminal
Address Kharkiv Airport Terminal, Romashkina Street, 1, Kharkiv
Capacity 50 passengers/hour
Land plot area 1.4 hectares
Total area of the object 2162.79 square meters
Year of design 2011
Stages of design Sketch project, Project stage, Working documentation, Scientific support, Author’s supervision, and Commissioning
Chief Architect Alexander Saratov
Scientific Support Alexander Buryak, Volodymyr Lopatko
Architects Alexander Saratov, Maxim Bulat, Alexander Danchenko, Dmitry Didenko

The project envisaged a complex of restoration works to restore the original appearance of the facades and public interiors of the architectural monument (Historical building of Kharkiv airport terminal, located at Romashkina Street, 1, Kharkiv, registered as an architectural monument under protection number 67 by the decision No. 334 of the Kharkiv Oblispolkom dated April 30, 1980, built in 1952-1954).

The area of ​​the planned VIP terminal construction occupies 0.2129 hectares, with building dimensions: 25 meters by 112 meters and a height of 32 meters to the spire.

The airport terminal building is a dominant feature in the established composition – it closes the spatial axis of Aeroportskaya, being the most socially significant object with a large scale and static volume. The same approach is maintained in the newly formed composition. The historical terminal building is highlighted by the rhythmic volumes of the projected buildings of the international and domestic terminals, which support the established compositional axis and form the background around the dominant feature.

The master plan decisions are part of the rehabilitation works associated with the reconstruction of the existing terminal into a comfort-enhanced terminal – creating an architectural environment around the building that preserves the original perception of the monument, both from Aeroportskaya Street and the square, as well as from the airfield. For this purpose, the demolition of temporary buildings on the platform side and “land side” that obstruct the view of the monument is planned; new buildings are designed with setbacks from the VIP terminal, beyond the boundaries of the monument’s protected zones.

The building of Kharkiv Airport Terminal features several types of monumental columns at the main entrance: slender “Pompeian” columns at the entrance vestibule, “embedded” into the huge stained glass of the vestibule facade, decorative wooden columns with gilded carved capitals adorning the window frames of the main halls. All these columns have non-canonical capitals, specially designed for this object.

The restoration works on the facades included:

– Removal of late plaster and paint layers from the building’s plaster, as well as from details and decorative elements.
– Restoration of damaged sections of plaster.
– Restoration of lost facade elements.
– Replacement of deteriorated facade elements installed during restoration works in 1995.
– Restoration of the stained glass of the main entrance; elimination of the expansion to the floor level of the two-window openings of the double-aisle halls of the right and left wings of the building.
– Demolition of late annexes (awnings and storages) that obstruct the view of the building from the airfield side.

The restoration of facade details and elements is based on actual measurements, archival documents, and historical photographs.

The architectural and planning solutions of the VIP terminal are in accordance with the technological requirements of customs, border, and security control services, as well as with ICAO regulations and IATA recommendations. The planned layouts of the airport terminal are designed in compliance with fire safety and sanitary-hygienic norms.